§ 1.05.020. Definitions and rules of construction.  


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  • In the construction of this Code, and of all ordinances, the following rules shall be observed, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

    Anchorage, municipality and Municipality of Anchorage mean the Municipality of Anchorage and shall extend to and include its several officers, agents and employees.

    Charter reference— Definition of municipality, § 17.13(f).

    Appropriation means a unit of funding provided for by the assembly in the municipal budget. An appropriation may be specific as to particular expenditures or general as to an entire department or agency, as the assembly deems appropriate.

    Charter reference— Definition of appropriation, § 17.13(a).

    AS. The abbreviation "AS" means the latest edition or supplement of that section in the Alaska Statutes.

    Assembly means the assembly for the Municipality of Anchorage.

    Bulletin board means the bulletin board in the city hall or the municipal clerk's office.

    Categories, when used in reference to expenditures, means actual proposed expenditures to be made from an appropriation.

    Charter reference— Similar provisions, § 17.13(b).

    Charter means and refers to the Charter of the Municipality of Anchorage as printed in Part I of this volume.

    Code means the Anchorage Municipal Code.

    Computation of time. In computing any period of time prescribed or allowed by this Code, the day of the act or event from which the period of time begins to run is not included. The last day of the period is included, unless it is a Saturday, Sunday or municipal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day which is not a Saturday, Sunday or municipal holiday. When the period of time prescribed or allowed is less than seven days, intermediate Saturdays, Sundays and municipal holidays are excluded in computing the period.

    State Law reference— Computation of time, rule 6, Rules of Civil Procedure.

    Emergency means an unforeseen occurrence or condition which results or apparently will result in an insufficiency of services or facilities substantial enough to endanger the public health, safety or welfare.

    Charter reference— Similar provisions, § 17.13(c).

    Gender. A word importing the masculine gender only shall extend and be applied to females and to firms, partnerships and corporations as well as to males.

    Initiative , except where context suggests a different meaning, means the process of enacting a measure by vote of the people without assembly action.

    Charter reference— Similar provisions, § 17.13(d).

    Law means the Charter, the ordinances and resolutions preserved by the Charter, or enacted pursuant to it, and those portions of the statutes of the state and the constitutions of the state and of the United States which are valid limitations on the exercise of legislative power by home rule governments.

    Mayor means the mayor of Anchorage.

    Measure means an ordinance, resolution, or Charter amendment.

    Municipal attorney means the municipal attorney of Anchorage.

    Municipal clerk means the municipal clerk of Anchorage.

    Municipal manager means the manager of Anchorage.

    Number. A word importing the singular number only may extend and be applied to several persons and things as well as to one person and thing.

    Oath includes an affirmation in all cases in which, by law, an affirmation may be substituted for an oath, and in such cases the words "swear" and "sworn" shall be equivalent to the words "affirm" and "affirmed."

    Officer, employee, department, board, commission or other agency. Whenever any officer, employee, department, board, commission or other agency is referred to by title only, such reference shall be construed as if followed by the words "of the Municipality of Anchorage."

    Or; and. The word "or" may be read "and," and the word "and" may be read "or," if the sense requires it.

    Owner, applied to a building or land, includes any part owner, joint owner, tenant in common, tenant in partnership, joint tenant or tenant by the entirety, of the whole or of a part of such building or land.

    Person shall extend and be applied to associations, clubs, societies, firms, partnerships, and bodies politic and corporate as well as to individuals or groups of individuals.

    Personal property includes every species of property except real property.

    State Law reference— Similar provisions, AS 29.71.800(16).

    Postmark means the postmark impression or label placed upon an article of mail by the U.S. Postal Service or other delivery service which generally indicates the place or zip code of origin and date of mailing.

    Publish means to cause to be posted on a municipal website designated for public notices the matter required by law to be published. Unless otherwise provided in this Code, posting shall be maintained for seven consecutive days. The assembly may provide for additional modes of dissemination. In the event of unforeseen technical difficulties which render website publication temporarily unavailable and substantially ineffective for its intended purpose, publication may be accomplished by publication in a newspaper of general circulation for at least one day within the specified period, but does not waive the requirement to restore the website posting as soon as practicable. Notwithstanding the foregoing, website posting does not constitute effective publication unless accomplished by 5:00 p.m. on the first day posting is required.

    Charter reference— Similar provisions, § 17.13(g).

    Real property includes lands, tenements and hereditaments of all kinds, together with all right to and interests in the land, tenements and hereditaments, and further includes buildings, structures, improvements and fixtures upon or affixed to land.

    State Law reference— Definition of real property, AS 29.71.800(19).

    Referendum , except where context suggests a different meaning, means the process of repealing an ordinance or resolution by vote of the people without assembly action.

    Charter reference— Similar provisions, § 17.13(h).

    Resident means a person whose habitual physical dwelling place is within the area in question and who intends to maintain his dwelling place in that area.

    Charter reference— Similar provisions, § 17.13(j).

    State means the State of Alaska.

    Tense. Words in the present tense include the past and future tense, and words in the future tense include the present tense.

    Utility and municipal utility mean a utility which belonged to a former government and whose rates are subject to regulation by the state public utilities commission on the date the Charter became effective, September 16, 1975.

    Charter reference— Similar provisions, § 17.13(k).

(CAC 1.04.020; GAAB 7.05.010; AO No. 85-75; AO No. 91-167; AO No. 2009-134, § 1, 1-12-10; AO No. 2017-41 , § 9, 3-21-17)